English today DVD5 Easy English for you
Hello and welcome back to ‘English 2day’, and this is DVD five and the first DVD of the elementary level. And in this DVD you will see three more episodes of our story ‘That’s life’, followed by a special TV programmes. You’ll see a travel expert in the discussion ‘Around the world’ followed by a discussion about the differences between generations. Then, in the grammar section, we will study the verv ‘have’ and ‘have got’ and also the past tense of the verb ‘to be’. We will also learn to give instructions and directions using the imperative. Ok? So enjoy your studying and have fun.
-Good morning, Alice. Wake up!
-Good morning, Jack. Please, give me a cup of coffee… Bring me back to life… I’m still asleep.
-Here you are. So, what are you doing today?
-Well, first I’m taking a shower and after that I have my daily appointment with ‘Ask the stars’…
-Oh. don’t you know it?
-It’s the horoscope I listen to every morning on the radio. It’s fantastic, I can’t start my day without it.
-How can I go out in the morning without the advice of ‘Ask the stars’?!
-Please Jack, this is not a joke: our entire life is driven by planets. By the way… What are you doing today?
-Well, I’m going to work, just like every day and… today is Tuesday, isn’t it? I have to go to the karate gym.
-Wow!! Are you doing anything this evening?
-No, I don’t have anything planned.
-Well, Sharon, Anne and I are going to the cinema. Maybe Peter is coming, too. Would you like to come?
-That sounds great. Which film?
-We’re seeing ‘Interview with the vampire’.
-Not that film, guys. I hate horror films. Why don’t we go to see the latest Julia Roberts’ film?
-Oh, please, Anne. We don’t need more romance… We already have our love story in the apartment next to us… With Peter and Sharon, I mean.
-Okay, you are right. Let’s go to see ‘Interview with the vampire’ then.
-Well, I think I prefer to stay at home… No I’ve got to go to work… See you later.
-Is everything okay, Jack?
-it’s late, that’s all… Bye.
Hello and welcome back to ‘English 2day’, your live TV programme where you can learn the English language. And in this lesson we’re going to look at the verb ‘have’. Now, the verb ‘have’, you think ‘Well, that’s easy!’… It’s not true… it’s actually quite complicated because there are two ways of using the verb ‘have’ in English. I can say ‘I have a scooter’, or ‘I’ve got a scooter’. Well in this lesson we look at the first way , ‘I have a scooter’.
Now in that our last episode do you remember that Alice said: ‘I have my daily appointment with ‘Ask the stars’, you know she believes in the stars. ‘I have my daily appointment’. Just simply the verb ‘have’. Now I want to give you a little test before we move on. If I say ‘I have a scooter’ how would you ask me the question about that? Scooter… How would you do it? ‘Have you a scooter?’ No, no… that’s not possible, something missing… like an auxiliary? That’s it! ‘Do you have a scooter?’ Now this is a typical mistake, people often think that ‘Have you a scooter?’ is a question, but the verb ‘have’ needs an auxiliary ‘Do you have a scooter?’. Okay?
Listen to this: he has a scooter, he has, Mr. Snake, a scooter. What’s the question? Careful… what’s the question? ‘Has he…?’ No, no, no… ‘Does he have a scooter?’ Yes! That’s it! So you need the auxiliary, ‘Does he have a scooter?’ fantastic, let’s look at the screen and check on that. So… the verb ‘have’: I have blue eyes, you have a new car, she has, third person… psss…Mr. Snake, S, look at the spelling H-A-S. She has a cat, he has a dog, it hsa four doors, we have a garden, you have a course, an English course, they have three children. Now the negative: I don’t have blue eyes, you don’t have a new car, she doesn’t, look at the pronunciation, she doesn’t have a cat, he doesn’t have a dog, it doesn’t have four doors, we don’t have a garden, you don’t have a course, they don’t have three children. Okay? The question:
-Do I have blue eyes?
-Do you have a new car?
-Does she have a cat?
-Does he have a dog?
-Does it have four doors?
-Do we have a garden?
-Do you have a course?
-Do they have three children?
Okay? That’s the verb ‘have’, don’t forget the auxiliaries ‘do’ and ‘does’.
Now another interesting thing about the verb ‘have’ is that we often use it in special expressions. Which make up verbs with particular meanings, and in other languages, here in near situations you hear ‘make’. Let me show you, we say ‘to have breakfast’, to have breakfast in the morning, ‘to have lunch’ one o’clock. And ‘to have supper’. So… ‘to have breakfast’, ‘to have lunch’, ‘to have dinner’ now dinner is what time? ‘Dinner’ and ‘supper’ what’s the difference? Dinner at eight o’clock in the evening, supper… is something we have at about ten thirty or eleven o’clock at night, alright? So we use the verb ‘have’ for these, we don’t say ‘to have a breakfast’ bu ‘to have breakfast’, ‘have lunch’, ‘have dinner’, ‘have supper’. Other things we say ‘to have a cigarette’, we say ‘to have a cup of coffee’, ‘to have a drink’ of any sort, we also say: ‘to have a shower in the morning’, you know? ‘To have a shower’, in other languages they use ‘make a shower’ or ‘make a bath’ for example. But in English we say: ‘to have a shower’, ‘to have a bath’ in the bathroom. We also say: ‘to have a rest’, we say ‘to have a party’, ‘Did you have a good party?’ We say: ‘to have fun’, which means ‘to have a good time’. okay? So these are very common expressions which we always use with the verb ‘have’. Have breakfast, have lunch, have dinner. Okay, now, when we go back and listen to our friends, they will introduce the other form ‘have got’. And then afterwards I’ll tell you all about it. Alright? So… see you then, bye!
-Have you got a moment, Peter? I’ve got a problem with my computer.
-Oh, I don’t know very much about computers…And I’m going out… They are waiting for me at the theatre.
-Always busy, eh?
-Okay, okay Sharon, take it easy! Shall we have a look?
-Thanks Peter, you’ve got a big heart!
-Let’s see if I can help before you thank me.
-Alright, I can’t use this program. I use it every day and today it isn’t opening.
-Hmmm… Why don’t you turn the computer off and then turn it on again?
-Okay peter, that’s really a great idea! You are a genius! How can I do without you?
-I know, my dear!.. What are you working on?-
-I’m writing my curriculum, because I would like to find a new job… Listen, Peter! i don’t know how to write it… Can you help me, please?
-I’m sorry, Sharon! I’m in a hurry… I have no time! I’m late. They’re waiting for me!
-Very kind as usual! Listen, Peter… Anne, Alice and I are going to the cinema this evening. Would you like to come?
-I’d like to… but I can’t. I have to…
-Go to the theatre, yes, I know! You always have something else to do!
-Come on, Sharon! What’s the problem? Maybe you are jealous of my career?
-Oh, Peter! I’m just tired of always coming second!
Hello and welcome back! How are you all? Did you notice that Sharon is tired of coming second? Well, I understand her, if you live with a musician you need to be very patient.
Now, Sharon said, in that last episode, she said: ‘Have you got a moment?’ Then she said: ‘I’ve got a problem with my new laptop’, ‘have got’, and this is what I want to study with you now. The second use of ‘have’: ‘have got’. Now, in order for you to understand it better let’s do something in a typical tone context where we would use ‘have got’. Let me tell you about my present situation: I’m in a flat, but I have to leave the flat and find another one. And I saw an advertisement in the newspaper for a flat which looks quite interesting. So I want to call the owner of the flat and ask him some questions, alright? So listen to what I say, alright? Now… his name is mr. James… I hope he’s in… let’s see. Mr. james…
-Hello, Mr. James? … Yes, hello, my name is Louise Evans and I saw your advertisement in the newspaper for a flat, and I wonder if I could ask you some questions? … Great, ok… How many rooms has it got? …Yes… ok… so two bedrooms, good, a living room, a kitchen, bathroom, and toilet, very good, fine. And, has it got a garage? …No, ok, so I have to park my car in the street. …Ok, fine. And a garden? Does it have a garden? …No, ok, a small balcony, on the second floor, good, fine. And, has it got central heating? …Central heating, yeah? … And kitchen… kitchen electricity? oh, electric kitchen is fine, why not? … Another thing is air conditioning, it gets very hot in England in the summer now… no… Alright. Does it have easy access to public transport? …oh good, so there’s a tube nearby. Fantastic. Good, another thing, has it got big windows? Because I love a lot of light. …Small windows… alright. …Has it got any views? The road and the neighbours’ garden…Ok, one more important thing: how much does it cost a month? …One thousand two hundred and fifty pounds, right… okay, thanj you very much, yes, I’ll think about that and I’ll call you back. …ok, fine, thank you very much! Thank you, goodbye, bye, bye…
One thousand two hundred and fifty pounds?! Oh my god, that’s a lot of monet for a flat. I can’t afford that, it’s impossible. Now, did you notice that I used ‘has it got’ a lot as a construction ‘has got’, ‘have got’? That’s what I want to talk about. Now, this construction ‘have got’ was introduces into the English language to describe possession, in fact, but now we use it in different situations, not only possession. So, the Americans, in fact, use the verb ‘have’ more than ‘have got’. In british English we use ‘have got’ a lot. Alright? Now, let’s have a look at the construction. So in the positive form ‘I have got’ gets contracted to «I’ve got’, ‘I’ve got some money’. ‘You have got’ becomes ‘you’ve got’. ‘You’ve got a scooter’, ‘she’s got…’, ‘sge has… she’s’… looks like the verb ‘to be’ but it is in fact ‘has’, ‘she’s got long hair’, ‘he’s got a shop’, ‘it’s got a balcony’, ‘we’ve got a house’, ‘you’ve got some CDs’, and ‘they’ve got some plants’, alright? So that’s the positive. Now the negative. In the negative the auxiliary ‘have’ turns into negative auxiliary. So… ‘I haven’t got any money’, ‘you haven’t got a scooter’, ‘he hasn’t got long hair’, ‘she hasn’t got a shop’, ‘it hasn’t got a balcony’, ‘we haven’t got a house’, ‘you haven’t got any CDs’, and ‘they haven’t got any plants’. So ‘hasn’t’ and ‘haven’t’. And then in the questions… the question…easy, we use ‘have’ or ‘has’ so… ‘Have I got any money?’, ‘Have you got a scooter?’, ‘Has she got long hair?’, ‘Has he got a shop?’, ‘Has it got a balcony?’, ‘have we got a house?’, ‘have you got some CDs?’ and ‘have they got some plants?’ So it’s not really difficult grammatically, you have to remember the auxiliary ‘have’ and ‘has’ and then remember to put ‘got’, alright? Now, you come across this a lot specially in subtitles in films. So… watch out for it and we’ll keep practising it. Great! So that’s the end of this lesson, and I’ll see you again live very soon, bye!
-Yeah, at last…
-Can I ask you a question?
-Sure, uh, how are you and Peter?
-We’re fine, thanks. Listen, I want to go to that book shop. Do you remember?
-Oh, yes. The one with lots of photography books?
-And thriller books?
-And with the red coffee tables and flowers on the windows?
-Where you can sit down and drink a delicious hot chocolate?
-Yes, Anne, that’s the one!
-The London Reader. It’s a great place.
-Yes. How do I get there? Is it far?
-You can walk from here. It’s about ten minutes away.
-Oh, okay. Let’s see… Go out the front door and turn left.
-Go straight ahead, past the traffic lights.
-Right, straight ahead, past the traffic lights.
-Turn right into June Lane.
-Follow June Lane to the end of the street. And turn right into May Avenue.
-Just a moment. Turn left on May Avenue?
-No, no, no. Turn right into May Avenue, and the book shop is…
-Hi, Sharon. What are you girls talking about?
-I’m giving Sharon directions for The London Reader.
-So, turn right into May Avenue, and the book shop is the second shop on the left, next to the butcher’s.
-Sharon, the book shop is on the right, past the museum, and between a chemist’s and a bank.
-No, no, jack. You are wrong! The book shop is…
-Okay, okay guys, be quiet. Don’t worry! I’ve got my map.
-Hum, Sharon, I can come with you… If you don’t mind…
-Great! That’s very kind of you, Jack!
-Jaaack… Housework! Do you remember?
Hello and welcome back again! Now… Anne’s a bit jealous, isn’t she? I mean how can she attract Jack if she asks him to do the house cleaning? I mean, she’s more like a mother than a lover, isn’t she? Well…anyway… Now… she gave some directions to Sharon. Because Sharon wants to go to the book shop. And actually Mr. Monkey wants to go to the same book shop, so I want to test those directionsto see if they work. Let’s imagine… This is the book shop. Okay? Mr. Monkey wants to go there. So let’s see her directions… So: ‘Go out of the front door and turn left.’ Okay, Mr. Monkey… turn left… great! Then go straight ahead… go straight ahead, until the traffic lights. You know traffic lights? Traffic lights are red, amber, green, ok? Traffic lights. And at the traffic lights turn right, like that, into June Street. Okay… Follow to the end of the street, then turn right again. Okay, and go down may Avenue, this must be may Avenue, and the book shop is the second on the left. one, two, here is the book shop… they work. Now, I was using the language of directions. So, I want to go to the screen now and show you that language, the language we use giving directions to people, alright? Now, we usually use the imperative form, what is the imperative? The imperative is just the infinitive form of the verb. So you can say: take the first left or the first right, ‘take’, okay? That is just an infinitive: ‘Take the first right or the first left’. You could say: ‘take a bus to’, ‘take a train to’, ‘take the subway’. Now in America they say ‘subway’ and in Britain we say ‘tube’. ‘Take the tube to’, ok? Another example: turn left, turn right. So, ‘turn’ is the verb, turn left, turn right, Ok? Another possibility is: go straight on, ‘straight on’ which is an expression we use in Britain or ‘go straight ahead’, which is an expression that they use in America. But we use both. Straight on, straight ahead. Alright? Then we can say: go past the shop or go along the street, a road, or an avenue, again we use ‘go’. It’s the infinitive and it’s the imperative form. Alright? Another example, at the end we can say the position: it’s nexto to, it’s near to, it’s opposite, it’s between.., it’s on the left, it’s on the right. You remember the prepositions that we did at the beginning? Well, that’s to indicate the actual spot. Great, so that’s giving directions using the imperative form. Now let’s go back to our friends in ‘That’s life!’ And listen to Jack who is giving Alice instructions about using the Internet. And listen to the imperatives that he uses and I’ll see you later, alright? Bye for now…
-Hey Alice, what are you doing? Do you mind giving us a hand with the housework, please?
-Can’t you see? I’m cleaning the computer!
-I see, I see… Why is the computer on?
-Just a moment… I don’t understand how to connect to the Internet on this computer? Can you help me?
-Okay, but just for one moment.
-Okay, click on that icon.
-What’s an icon?
-That symbol on the screen.
-But do you mean this picture of a telephone?
-Yes. Click on that.
-Right, now what?
-Enter your username and password.
-And click on that button there.
-Click on that button.
-And now you are connecting to the Internet!
-Hey, that’s easy!
-It’s very easy, Alice! You’re hopeless with computers… And with housework too! Come on, Alice! It’s time to clean up this mess now!
Hello again! Did you notice how Jack was giving Alice instructions to go on the Internet? Well I want to give you some instructions, to do something at home. Now, in order to do that you need one of these. What’s this? A what? it’s a napkin, a napkin… So, take a napkin, Alright? Put it down, open it up, like this. Okay. So, we have an open napkin, anyway. Now, take the bottom of the napkin and fold it over a little bit, like that. Pk? Then fold it again like that. Then fold it again and again, and again until you reach half way and press it down like that, press it down. Alright, now, take the whole napkin, lift it up and put it in this position you turn it over. Okay? Press that down. Now, take the bottom of the napkin and fold it in half over like this, again press it down well. Now take this part of the napkinhere on the right and fold it right down along the folds on the left. Press down. Then take all of it up like this, and fold this bit over, so you create a support, like that. Then… turn it around and… Bing! There you have something nice to decorate your table with, a romantic dinner, for example. Alright? So, I gave you instructions, in order to do that, and we’re going to look at that on the screen because I used imperatives to give you the instructions
as i used for giving the directions. Alright? So let’s see.
Let’s use some other examples
related to the computer and the internet: plug in the computer.
Now you noticed we used ‘plug’ which is the infinitive form and
we use it for both ‘you’ singular and ‘you’ plural. So ‘plug in
the computer’, ‘switch it on’, ‘connect it to the Internet’, and
‘click on the internrt icon’. Alright? So imperatives, they’re
Now, the negative, if you want to use the negative of the imperative
we say ‘do not’. Which is contracted, as always in English, and we say:
‘Don’t click, click, too many times.’ Or ‘Don’t press the exit button.’
Or ‘Don’t overload the desktop.’Ok, so this is the negative imperative form.
Very interesting that…and don’t forget to be here for your next
lesson, alright? See you, bye!
-Jack, where were you yesterday evening?
-There was a great party at Mary’s!
-Really? I wasn’t invited!
-I can’t believe that. Everyone was invited.
-I’m sure, I wasn’t…Anyway, I was busy yesterday.
-Ah! Did you have a meeting with some clients?
-No, I didn’t.
-Where were you?
-I was with Robert at the Red Lion Pub.
-That’s impossible…Robert was at the party.
-Oops! I always get them mixed up… i was with Charles…
-Charles was at the party, too! Come on Jack, who were you with!?
-You’re too curious, Alice! Okat, okay…I was with a girl…
-Well… what’s your name? Do we know her?
-How old is she?
-Stop! Alice, stop! it’s none of your business!
-Okay, okay! You don’t want to tell us, hum? That’s okay, I like mystery…
it makes life exciting! Well, let’s change the subject! Peter, where were you
yesterday evening? Why weren’t you at the party?
-I was at the theatre. We are preparing the performance.
-And you Sharon? Where were you?
-Where were you?
-Ehm… I was at home watching a film on TV.
-Ehm, the latest film starring Nicole Kidman…What’s the name? Yes, ‘Moulin Rouge’!
-Really? That’s strange… I remeber…Here! Look, it’s on TV today!
-Really? Oh! They always show the same stuff on TV… Oh, don’t get up! I’ll get the door.
Hello again everyone! Well done, Sharon. That was a bit embarrassing, wasn’t it? Now, where were you last night? Well, I wasn’t at a party. I wasn’t in a pub, like Jack, I wasn’t at the theatre. I was at my first samba lesson. And it was great, fantastic. You know… the music was really fantastic, really loud and exciting and there were thirty people there! It was difficult to see the teachers. You can imagine? Two teachers, thirty people… excuse me, excuse me…Anyway, as usual, there were too many women and not enough men… and that’s typical. But the teachers were fantastic! They were really, really professional. One was Brazilian and the other was from Argentina, yeah Argentina. Great! Really, really good. And in the first lesson it was… it was easy, because we did some basic steps. But it was really, really enjoyable. And I can’t wait for the next lesson, because that was so, so exciting! Can you samba? I bet you can! Now, in most of those sentences I was using the verb ‘to be’ in the past. And that’s what I want to look at with you now. Let’s look at the screen: ‘to be’ in the past. When we talk about something specific in the past. Let’s look at the form: ‘I was’, ‘I was in New York last year’, ‘you were’, see how it changes, ‘you were at the party last night’, ‘he was at ameeting on Tuesday’. I was, you were, he was, ‘she was… fine yesterday’. For example. ‘It was beautiful’, ‘we were at school on Monday’, ‘you were happy’, and ‘they were in London two weeks ago’. So you see: I was, you were, he/she/it was, we were, you were, they were. Be careful about that it’s easy to make a mistake. Now, what about the negative form? Well ‘was’ becomes’ wasn’t’. Listen to the pronunciation ‘wasn’t’, ‘wasn’t’, Ok? So: ‘I wasn’t on time this morning’, ‘you weren’t here yesterday’, ‘he wasn’t at the part last night’, ‘she wasn’t very happy’ and ‘it wasn’t difficult’. Okay? ‘We weren’t at work on Saturday’, ‘you weren’t on time for work’, and ‘they weren’t on holiday last month’. So ‘wasn’t’ and ‘weren’t’. Question form, listen to these: ‘Where was I yesterday?’ , ‘Where were you last night?’, ‘Where was he, was he, last week?’, ‘Was she at work yesterday?’, ‘Was it an easy test?’, ‘When were we there?’, ‘What time were you at school yesterday?’, and ‘How often were they in class?’
So the verb ‘to be’ in the past tense: I was, you were, he/she/it was, we were, you were, they were. Very important, you can’t live without that verb ‘to be’ in the past. Alright? Great! Well we will continue with the past in the next lesson so…see you then! Bye!
-There’s a postcard for you, Alice.
-For me? Oh, it’s from my father. He was in the Bahamas last week.
-Really? I was in the Bahamas last summer.
-Oops, sorry Sharon. We were in the Bahamas last summer. It was sunny and hot. The perfect weather for swimming and relaxing. It was fantastic!
-Fantastic, yeah, fantastic…
-I’m sure it was!
-I prefer holidays in the winter. It’s too hot in the summer. I like going to the mountains and skiing.
-My last holiday was two years ago!
-Two years ago?
-Yes, it was a long time ago. I need another holiday soon! Anyway…Was your father on holiday in the Bahamas, Alice?
-No, he wasn’t. He’s working on a new play there.
-Oh, how fascinating must be being a director! Fame, money, and a lot of travelling around the world!
-And no time for family! Just a few calls, postcards and a lot of misunderstandings…
-Why don’t you call him now?
-I don’t think that’s a good idea!
-Why? When was your last call?
-Three weeks ago.
-That’s a long time! Come on! Alice, call him! I’m sure he’ll be happy to hear from you!
-Well… Maybe you’re right! Okay, I’ll call him! Thanks Jack… For your advice, I mean!
Hello again for another important lesson. We’re in the past tense. Now, I want to help you remember how to use the past tense. So, I have anothe acronym, you know acronym? Look: ‘oil way’, ‘oil way’, now, these letters represent the time words when you use the simple past tense, what am I meaning by that? Well, this one for example, let me give you an idea: this stands for ‘yesterday’, ok? ‘Yesterday’, now, when you have ‘yesterday’ in the sentence you always use the simple past…okay? Now, do you know what the other words are? Let’s have a look. Any easy one could be this: ‘last’, ‘last’ you know that? ‘last week I was in Paris’, ‘last week’, Okay? Now what about this one? ‘Two days… ago!’ Very good, so, ‘two day ago we were at the sea’. For example…so, this is ‘ago’. We have ‘last’, ‘yesterday’, ‘ago’… This one? That’s more difficult… Yeah! This is difficult, it’s ‘on’ in English, and we use it with days and dates, and in some languages it doesn’t exist. So we say: ‘on Monday’, ‘on the 7th of July’, for example… ‘on’. This one here? ‘In’ Ok… When do we use that? Yeah, months for example: ‘in January’, ‘in Fabruary’, ‘in March’…and also for years: ‘in 1961’, ‘in 1970′, etcetera. This one…’when’ Ok… with ‘when’ we use past tense, so for example: ‘When were you there?’ So ‘Oil way’:’on, in, last, when, ago, yesterday’, it’s like a rhyme. ‘On, in, last, when, ago, yesterday’. You need to memorize those. We look at them on the screen now, but it’s important for you to memorize them to remember that when you’re speaking… ‘on, in, last, when, ago, yesterday’ help you to remember to use the simple past. So to revise that… our acronym ‘oil way’:
- ‘On‘ we use with days or specific dates. So… ‘The party was on Friday’. Or ‘He was in London on the 2nd of March’. Okay? The date.
- Then ‘In‘… ‘in’ with a specific year or with months. So for example: ‘She was born in June, in 1976’.
- Next ‘last‘, ‘last’ with, for example the previous week, ‘last week’, or ‘month’ or ‘year’. So the examples are: ‘They were in Vienna last month’.
- ‘When’… now ‘when’ with a past time clause. Sometimes in the question, someimes in the middle of the phrase. So: ‘I was very happy when I was a teenager’. Okay? That’s ‘When’.
- Then ‘ago‘… for example: ‘Two days ago’, ‘Two months ago’, ‘Three years ago’, ‘We were at the meeting three weeks ago’. Right?
- And then the last one , easy, ‘yesterday‘, with the previous day, so: ‘I was at the cinema yesterday’.
Alright? ‘Oil way’, don’t forget it’, memorize it. ‘On, in, last, when, ago, yesterday’. Always with the simple past. Alright? That will open up a world for you. Great! We will do still more about the simple past, this is an important tense. But the verb ‘to be’ is iften the one which people forget. So be very careful when you’re speaking… Alright? Great! Well, happy studying and I’ll see you again very soon. Bye!
Good evening and welcome to this week’s edition of ‘The Travel Programme’, the programme about everything to do with travelling and holidays. Here in the studio with me, as always, is Christine Oteng, our travel expert.
-Well summer’s approaching and… as the summer holidays are too! So, have you got any suggestions for the holidays?
-Well… let’s see… are you bored with your usual holiday? Are you tired of beaches or trips to the mountains? Would you like to say ‘no’ to museums, city tours and shopping? Well why don’t you try something new and exciting?
-What exactly do you have in mind?
-How about a holiday huntingfor ghosts in a castle in Great Britain?
-Hunting for ghosts in a castle? That’s certainly a change from lying on a beach! It sounds exciting!
-It is exciting! Something really different! Jusy right if you love adventure.
-Mmm… but what do you have to do? Do you spend all the time looking for ghosts?
-No, not all the time! In some ways it’s like a normal holiday. In the morning you have a traditional English breakfast, then you go for a walk or visit a local town. In other words, you do the things you always do when you visit a foreign country. But the fun starts in the evening! You have dinner and then the ghost hunting starts. With the help of one or two ‘ghost experts’ you search through the haunted castle until late at night.
-Oh… it sounds frightening!
-It is frightening! There are strange sounds, doors and windows open and close by themselves… Yes, it’s really frightening, but exciting too! Tell me Lucy, do you believe in ghosts?
-Yes, I do… bit I’m not very brave, I don’t think I’d like to visit places like that, especially not at night! Are there any haunted castles in Great Britain?
-Oh, yes there are, especially in Scotland! Many of the castles in Scotland have got ghosts. There are some fascinating ghost stories… there are lots of books about haunted castles. Why not read one before visiting Scotland?
-I see… a holiday spent looking for ghosts. A night in a haunted castle would certainly be a memorable experience!
-It certainly would! And if you want to see even more ghosts, before you return home, try a ghostwalk’ in London; visit places in london famous for strange and unusual happenings!
-Christine this is definitely an interesting idea for a holiday with a difference! Well, if you’re curious abou ghosts and you love adventure, this could be just the holiday for you! Thanks Christine for this unusual holiday idea!
-Goodbye. And goodbye for all travellers! See you again soon!
Do you believe on ghosts? To believe in ghosts means you think that ghosts exist. If you do then you say ‘I believe in ghosts’. We say that a castle is ‘haunted’ when it has a ghost or more than one. We say ‘it’s a haunted castle’. Now. there are lots of diffferent kinds of holidays and the holidau Christine just told us about is an adventure holiday. Looking for ghosts in a castle is an adventure! But personally i prefer beach holidays, they are definitely more relaxing. Or perhaps you prefer city holidays. Acity holiday is when you visit a city. So let’s look at some of the things you can do when you have a beach holiday:
— You lie on the beach in the sun and relax — this is called sunbathing.
— You go for a walk on the beach or gor for a swim in the sea.
Notice the expression ‘go for’…
— You can visit a local town. ‘Local’ means that it near the place where you are.
What about when you have a city holiday? You can go on a city tour: a bus takes you on a tour round the tourist sights of the city. A tourist sight is something that tourists want to see. For example the Colosseum in Rome or Buckingham Palace in London. You can go for a walk around the city and visit the tourist sights. We call this sightseeing and we say ‘go sightseeing’. Just one last thing: remember there is a difference detween travel and trip. ‘To travel’ is a verb, when you go on holiday to a different city or country you travel. A trip is a noun and it’s like a short holiday. You say ‘go on a trip’ this means to go somewhere for a short time, for example: go on a trip to Scotland. Goodbye for now, and see you next time!
______________________________________________________________Good evening and welcome to this week’s edition of ‘Let’s talk’, the Saturday debate with our commentators Tom and Marie.
-Good evening Eric.
-Well, this evening let’s talk about the differences between the generations. What do you think about this issue, Tom?
-I think that over the last 50 years lifestyles have changed a great deal, there’s been a lot of progress, new technologies have helped here, think about health care, it’s very good today, television and internet tell people about the world and what’s happening.
-So lots of progress, do you think life is easy today?
-Yes, I think it is! There are lots of opportunities for everyone. Let’s take travel as an example. In the past it was impossible to travel a lot. Today we can fly to lots of cities in Europe and it’s very cheap.
-I’m sorry, I don’t agree with you Tom! I mean it’s true that lots of things are easy now. But there are also lots of things to worry about and there’s lots lots of stress. In the past life was simple! It was all about the family and family values.
-Do you think that people today are confused about how to live life?
-That’s exactly what I mean! Today people marry when the’re 30 or 35. When my grandmother was young it was usual to marry young and start a family.
-Well, things are different today. I mean women work now! 50 years ago only a minority of women worked. I think this is very important for female emancipation.
-I agree with you Eric. Today women are fulfilled! They play an important role in society!
-Yes, but it’s not easy for women. They have less time for the family, the children and the housekeeping!
-I’m not sure that my grandmother would agree! Life was hard for her. There weren’t any washing machines, dishwashers or vacuum cleaners! She was the washing machine…the dishwasher and the vacuum cleaner… And after all that work there was nothing to do, she stayed at home all the time! Today people go out 3 or 4 times a week to the pub, to the cinema, or to the disco; my grandparents were always at home!
-Well! Life is definitely different now! According to Tom life was hard in the past, now everything is easy. Marie doesn’t agree. She thinks that life today is difficult and that people have lots of cares, worries and stress! And what do you think? Well, it’s time to say goodbye to our commentators.
And we’ll see you again soon on the next edition of ‘Let’s talk’!
Okay, first of all let’s have a look at the expressions we used to discuss our different ideas and opinions: ‘What do you think about this idea?’ This is a good way to ask someone’s opinion. Or simply ‘What do you think?’ How about when you don’t agree with someone’s opinion? You can say ‘I’m sorry, I don’t agree with you’. This is a polite way to say ‘I don’t agree’! If you do agree with someone then you say ‘I agree with you’.
When we give our opinions we usually start with ‘I think…’ or ‘I don’t think…’, the use of ‘that’ after ‘think’ is optional, so we can say: ‘I think it is important’ or ‘I think that it is important’.
Anothr useful expression is ‘I mean’ and we use it to explain our ideas better. Let me give you an example: ‘Things are different today… I mean women work now!’ So I say ‘things are different’ and then with ‘I mean’ I explain how they are different.
What about the vocabulary we used to talk about the things that have changed in the last 50 years? Let’s take ‘Health care’: it’s the protection a country gives to its people like doctors, hospitals and medicines. These are all parts of health care. Another important thing is ‘Female emancipation’, the freedom and rights that women have. And some things that we have in our houses now which make our lives easier are the washing machine: this is the machine that washes our clothes; the dishwasher: the machine that cleans the dishes, plates and glasses; and the vacuum cleaner: the machine that cleans the floor.
Before I say goodbye I just want to look at a little word that we use a lot: it’s ‘lot’ and we use it to express quantity. We can say ‘a lot’ or ‘lots of’ and it means a big amount. We use it with verbs, we say ‘a lot’ and it comes after the verb. For example: ‘Today people travel a lot’. And when we use it with nouns we usually say ‘lots of’ and it comes before the noun. For example: ‘There’s lots if stress today’. Well that’s all from me. See you soon for another edition of ‘Let’s talk’!