Learn English Conversation — English Today Beginner Level 2 — DVD 2
Hello and welcome back to ‘English 2day!’ This is the second DVD of the beginner level and in this DVD you will see three more episodes of our story ‘That’s life!’ and then in our special TV programs there will be a debate about low-cost airlines and an interview with a sports expert about football training. Then in the grammar section we will study the simple present, frequency adverbs, ‘some and any’, ‘there is’ , ‘there are’ and also making suggestions. Now remember if you have problems understanding anything use the subtitles, okay? So, enjoy studying and have fun.
-Oh! It’s you Peter!
-Look! This is it!
-Look at what?
-My office! Here, near my bed…
-Oh, I see… By the way, where are the office supplies?
-The computer supplies are in that cupboard over there. The folders, pencils, pens, etc. are here in this cupboard. And I also have two chairs!
-Oh good! Are these for everyone?
-No, they are not! Don’t touch anything, please!
-Okay, you say you have all of the office supplies?
-No, not really… There isn’t a fax machine… There aren’t all the programs I need on my computer…
-And I guess you have an answering machine… Is it useful?
-I don’t need an answering machine. I answer the telephone myself.
-Okay, you’re right. This office is nice and if you need a fax machine I have one in my apartment.
-Oh, thank you!
-Wait a minute, something is missing… Where is the coffee machine? All offices have a coffee machine.
-I’m afraid there isn’t one here. There’s a staff kitchen on the other side of the house in the kitchen! We can have some coffee there.
Hello and welcome back to ‘English 2day’. How are you? Now, in that last episode of ‘That’s life!’ did you notice that Anne described her office? And the most important things for Peter was what? The coffee machine! Strange… Now I want to look at he language that Anne used.
She used ‘there is a…’ and ‘there are some’, let me explain that to you: if you have a single object, for example like a glass, then we say: ‘There is a glass on the table’ or ‘there is a hat on the table’ or ‘there is a computer on the table’, ok? Now that changes when we have more than one object, like this pens for example, we say ‘there are some pens on the table’, ok? ‘There are some pens on the table’. And therefore in this example here, books: ‘there are some books on the table’, ‘there are some CDs on the table’. So you see how it changes. Now let’s go and look at that on the screen, you can see it written, so we said weith singular objects we say ‘There is’, examples are: ‘there’s a computer in Anne’s office’, ‘There isn’t a fax machine’ that’s the negative. ‘There isn’t a fax machine’, ‘there’s a table in the studio’ and ‘there isn’t a coffee machine’. Which Peter can’t believe. Noe look at the plural form: we say ‘there are some office supplies in the office’. And ‘there are some pens and pencils’, ok? And we also use that for the exact number of plural objects, so for example: ‘there are two chairs in Anne’s office’ and ‘there are four pictures’ for example ‘in her studio’. Alright? So that’s an introduction to ‘there is’ and ‘there are some’. Now in the next lesson we are going to look at the difference between ‘some’ and ‘any’ which is very important so listen out for that in the next episode and then come back here and we’ll work on it, alright? See you later? Bye!
-Do you want milk with your coffee? There’s a bottle in the back of the fridge…
-I prefer ot without milk, but with some sugar.
-Oh, I’m afraid there isn’t any sugar.
-Well, that’s okay… black coffee is good too. Do you have any of those great cookies?
-Oh, yes. There are some cookies over here.
-Peter speaking… What? An audition? No, not at all. I’m free… Great! Bye! Well, finally an audition!
-Next Monday, at the opera theatre! These cookies are fantastic. Are there any more? There are some more in the box. Thank you. Bye Anne, time for music!
-Hey, take your dirty napkin away from my kitchen!! It’s nice to have you as my new office neighbour!
Hi again! Anne’s a bit difficult isn’t she?
Now this is a lesson about ‘some’ and ‘any’. Remember Peter said: ‘Can I have some coffee annd some biscuits?’. Well I want to talk to you about that right now. Now in order to understand ‘some’ and ‘any’ we have to understand the difference between countable objects and uncountable objects, so these things here are ingredients to make a wonderful English lemon cake. Let’s devide them into countable objects and uncountable objects, let’s start with these… now these are lemons, countable means you can count them, uncountable means you can’t count them, can you count these? Yeah! One, two, so these are countable, so ‘there are some lemons’. Now, what about these? These are nuts? Can you count these? Yeah! One, two, three…etcetera, so there are also countable, so we say ‘there are some nuts on the table’. Now what about this? This is marmalade…now can you count marmalade? Well you can count the container, but not the marmalade inside, so this is uncountable and we say in English ‘there is sime, there is some marmalade’. It’s a singular verb, so we put it here, it’s uncountable, ok? Now, let’s look at this, what’s this? This is salt, salt… now is this countable or uncountable for you? Countable or uncountable? Well it is very difficult to count all the little bits of salt, so this is uncountable, we put it here, alright? Now next thing, countable? Uncountable? One, two, countable ‘there are some eggs’. This here is spicws, spices, now this you can count, so we say ‘there are some spices’. What about this? Milk, you can count the bottle, but can you count the liquid? No, so all liquids are uncountable and we say ‘there is some milk’, so singular, singular verb, put that there. Now what have we got here? Butter, butter, can we count that? Well we can count the packet, yes, but the butter inside? Exactly, no, we can’t count the butter so ‘there is some butter’. We put it here, good. Now what else have we got? Flour, you know flour. Flour we use to make pizza, to make cakes, is that countable? Exactly it’s not countable, it’s like salt, like sugar, like coffee, so we put this here, uncountable. And the last thing. this, what’s this? Water, is water countable? No it’s not, so water goes with the uncountable ‘there is some water’. It’s quite difficult hey? Let’s look at the screen to see that written, alright? And we will do a general summary, so we said ‘countable objects’ in the plural, in the positive form we say: ‘there are some lemons on the table’, ‘there are some CDs on the table’, ‘there are some eggs on the table’. So that’s countable. Now the negaive is: ‘there aren’t any…’, we use ‘any’: ‘there aren’t any cigarettes on the table’, ‘there aren’t any biscuits’. Important ‘any’ for the negative ‘there aren’t any magazines’ for example, alright? Now questions, here again we use the word ‘any’, we use ‘any’ in the negative and ‘any’ in the questions. So ‘are any glasses on the table?’, ‘are there any books on the table?’, ‘are there any pens?’. Alright? So ‘some’ in the positive, ‘any’ in the negative and the question form, good. Now let’s move on to uncountable objects, these ones here, the examples are: «There is’ (singular verb) ‘some sugar on the table’. ‘There is some flour on the table’, ‘there is some water on the table’. Ok? Negative, again we use ‘any’, we say ‘there isn’t any bread on the table’, ‘there isn’t any wine’ (a liquid) ‘on the table’, ‘there isn’t any chocolate on the table’. Alright? Questions, again with the singular verb and ‘any’: ‘is there any money on the table?’, ‘is there any pasta?’. Unfortunately not… and ‘is there any beer?’, ok? Now I want to add one more thing to this lesson and it’s the words ‘this’, ‘that’, ‘these’, ‘those’, let me explain, with one objects we say ‘this CD’ when it’s close to you ‘this CD’. But when it distant from you, far away, you say ‘that CD’, ‘this’, ‘that’, alright? We hear this very often, let me take two, plural, now we say ‘these CDs’, when they’re far from you we say ‘those CDs’, ok? So ‘these’, ‘those’… One, ‘this’ , ‘that’, let’s see that on the screen, so, ‘this book’… plural ‘these books’ when they’re close to you and ‘that chair’ for example and ‘those chairs’ when they’re distant from you.
That’s a big lesson? There’s a lot to remember, so we have ‘some’ and ‘any’, «countable’ and ‘uncountable’, «this’, ‘that’, ‘these’, ‘those’… Uh! You have a lot to do at home to study there! Anyway, no problem because you’re a great student, so we’ll meet again in the studio very soon for some more English, take care! Bye for now!
-Yes, I always go shopping on Saturdays. The first thing I do on Saturday is drive to the supermarket.
-I sometimes go shopping on Saturdays, but usually I sleep late. I’m always so tired on Saturdays…
-I’m never tired on weekend! The weekend is a time for fun! I paint, go jogging, go out with some friends. Unfortunately, I sometimes have to study…
-Oh, I sometimes do a little work at the weekend…When I’m free I like going swimming, going to exhibitions or to concerts if I have enough money. Oh, and every Sunday I clean up the entire flat, ad in the evening I watch TV.
-Oh, I never watch TV. It’s boring. Peter and I like going to the cinema at the weekend.
-Yes, it’s important not to watch too much TV. And hour a day or so, that’s enough.
-Come on guys! You talk like my grandfather. Work, TV, housework on the weekends… Life is more!
-I want you to take me to places where young people have fun!
-Great! Get ready, grandpa!
Hello and welcome back again to ‘English 2day’, your live English language programme. Now, did you notice how Anne said that she loves going to concerts and exhibitions, but she doesn’t have enough money? Now, this word ‘enough’. ‘Enough’ it’s written E-N-O-U-G-H, the pronunciation is ‘enough’, what does it mean? Le me show you. I have a ticket here for a concert, okay? This is forty-five euro. Forty-five euro, now I have forty euro here, forty euro, forty-five euro for the ticket it isn’t enough. It means it’s less, it’s not sufficient, ‘it isn’t enough’… no ticket, no concert! So… happens, like Anne, poor Anne, not enough money. Now another example. You ask me ‘can I have a glass of water?’ and I say ‘sure!’ . So… here you are! You say ‘what? Excuse me, it’s not enough’. Not enough it’s not sufficient. Oh, I say ‘okay, fine, so a glass of water, here we go’…And you say ‘it’s too much!’. ‘Too much’, now that is the opposite when something is in excess, it’s ‘too much’. Let’s go back to the ticket, for example, imagine that the theatre ticket has a discount, now it only costs thirty euro, thirty euro. I’ve got forty euro, which is too much, in excess, too much, but that’s great! That’s not a problem, that’s great, I can go to the concert, ok? So, that’s ‘enough’, ‘too much’, now one more word, it’s a small word and it’s ‘so’. When do we use ‘so’? If I say to you: ‘you are so intelligent’, that describes an emphasis, ‘you are so intelligents’. You could also say ‘Tha glass is so full’ ok? ‘So’ is to express a emphasis of something. So we’ve studied ‘enough’, ‘too much’ and ‘so’. Let’s look at those on the screen now, to help you, ok? Enough: pronunciation ‘enough’, when something isn’t sufficient, ‘there isn’t enough water in the glass’, ‘there isn’t enough money’. hen we can also use it with an adjective: ‘the glass isn’t full enough’, after an adjective ‘it isn’t full enough’. Let’s move on to ‘too’ when we talk about something in excess, so ‘there is too much water in the glass’, ‘there’s too much money’. Great! ‘There are too many coins’. Now ‘many’ is because we use it with countable things, ‘there are too many coins’. We can use it with an adjective, for example: ‘the ticket is too expensive’, ‘the glass is too full’. Alright? Then the last thing was ‘so’ when you want to emphasize something ‘the ticket is so expensive’, ‘the glass is so full’ or ‘you are so intelligent’. Fantastic! So that’s he end of this lesson, remember ‘enough’, ‘too’, ‘too much’ or ‘too many’ and ‘so’. That’s it for now and I’m going to see you again extremely soon. Take care! Bye!
-Work is so hard, guys! I wake up at six-thirty every day, have breakfast and take the train to work… every day!
-I know, I get up at seven but I have a friend at work who usually gets up at six!
-Why? That’s too early!
-It takes him an hour to drive to work.
-Wow! That’s a long drive.
-Yes, but he lives in the country. I think he’s lucky: every weekend he can go for walks in the woods.. not in traffic jams…
-I guess that’s pretty nice: he lives in the countryside but works in the city. A pretty nice combination.
-What about you, Sharon? What time do you wake up?
-I usually get up at about nine o’clock, but I live in the city. It’s easy to get to work.
-Yes, but you get home very late: often at six-thirty or seven.
-You know, I sometimes have five or six groups of tourists a day…
-You work too much, my dear…
-Ad you sing too much, Peter…
Hello again and how are you? Now from that last conversation we learned that Sharon works too much and Peter sings too much. How about you? Do you work too much? What time do you get up in the morning? Six forty-five? Seven o’clock? Seven fifteen? Seven-thirty? Well I’m going to describe my typical day and I’m going to use the simple present to do that, alright?
Well first I wake up at six-forty-five, but I don’t get up. I listen to the radio and I listen to the news, then after I slowly get up, that’s difficult, and I take a shower, I take a shower, I get dressed and then I go for a walk with Zukie! Then we have breakfast together, she has dog biscuits and I have toast, marmalade and butter, then I go to work on my scooter. Now my boyfriend has a different day, because he goes to work at eight o’clock at night, remember, he’s a jazz musician? Now did you notice I said ‘he goes to work’? That’s because with the third person we add an ‘s’, ‘goes’. He goes to work at eight o’clock and he comes home at three o’clock in the morning because he plays jazz concerts. Then he goes to bed and he gets up at lunch time at one o’clock, so we meet at dinner, which is, you know, we don’t have much time together but that’s life. Now that was the simple present tense and now we’re going to see that on the screen, very, very important this grammatical form.
So, I work, you work, he, she, it works. She works, it works. We work, you work, they work. Now very often you forget to put the ‘S’ on the third person. So, I have another teaching assistant to will help you to remember, Mr. Snake, he’s here to help you remember, to put the ‘S’ on the third person, so listen. I work at home, you work every day, he works at night, she works in an office, it works all week, we work together, you work full time, they work at weekends, so remember, it’s not difficult the simple present in English: I work, you work, she works, he works, it works, don’t forget Mr. Snake, don’t forget the ‘S’ at third person alright? Now listen to the next episode and try and pick out words like ‘often’, ‘sometimes’, ‘occasionally’ because we are going to study those next, alright? Go and hve some fun, bye!
-Alice, I bet you don’t wake up at six o’clock every day… Tell us something about your typical day at university.
-Well, I sometimes have classes in the morning, but I usually have classes in the afternoon. On Mondays I always attend lectures in the morning.
-And where do you study?
-I usually study in the library, but I sometimes study at home too, when I don’t have classes in the morning.
-My friend David also studies at your University. Do you remember him?
-David Leary? Yes, I occasionally see him in the library and sometimes in the park.
-In the park? Doing what?
-He likes studying there. He takes his books, finds a nice park bench and reads there.
-Not a bad idea. You can study and enjoy nature at the same time.
-Yes, I like the park too. Unfortunately, I often need books that are in the library.
-And what about lunch? Do you usually make sandwiches and take them with you?
-Oh, no, I hate cooking. I usually have lunch in the cafeteria with friends.
-Oh, I do just the opposite. I usually cook lunch at home, I seldom have a quick lunch at coffee shops.
-Okay guys, stop with this boring talk! What about fun? Do any of you do anything besides working and studying? It’s Friday, remember!
-You’re right, Jack. I’m so happy it’s Friday.
-Me too! It’s weekend time!
-Time for shopping!
Jack really knows how to provoke Anne, doesn’t he? Did you notice those words? Sometimes, always, occasionally? Beacause we’re going to sudy those now and in English they are called: frequency adverbs, and we usually use them with the simple present tense, and they describe how many times you do actions, frequency adverbs. Now to help me introduce them I have another teaching assistant, this is Mr. Dinosaur! Mr. Dinosaur is here to help you with the frequency adverbs. Dinosaur D-I-N-O-S-A-U-R. Noe let’s see at the screen how Mr. Dinosaur is going to help you. Well look at the screen, now we’re talking about adverbs of frequency, things which describe how often you do something, like habitual actions, dinosaur, look at the screen, we have D-I-N-O-S-A-U-R, now these letters represent a frequency adverb, let’s see if you can find them! What do you think ‘O’ is? When you do something a lot, yeah, ‘often’! ‘O’ is ‘often’! What about ‘N’? When you do… ‘N’ is ‘never’, good! ‘N’ is never. What about ‘A’? Something that you do a lot, ‘A’ is ‘always’, good. What about ‘S’? ‘S’ is … ‘sometimes’! Very good ‘sometimes’. Now ‘U’? ‘U’ is for ‘usually’! ‘Usually’ it’s a habit. What about ‘R’? ‘R’ stands for ‘rarely’, that’s difficult to pronounce, ‘rarely’. And the last one, look at the top, we’ve got ‘D’… Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday is… a bit strange this, every day. Alright? So those are the main frequency adverbs, every day, never, often, sometimes, always, usually, rarely. You notice, ‘sometimes’ is also the same as ‘occasionally’, and ‘rarely’… another way to say ‘rarely’ is ‘seldom’, ok? Now the important thing about Mr. Dinosaur and the frequency adverbs is where to put them into sentence, now look at the examples. We put them in front of the main verb, so, ‘I never go out’, ‘you always arrive late’, ‘he usually gets up at seven’, ‘she rarely plays tennis’, ‘it often rains in England’, ‘we sometimes watch TV’, ‘you occasionally drink wine’, and the last one is different ‘every day they drive to work’. Usually ‘every day’ we put at the beginning, but the others are always before the main verb, and after the subject. Now one problem, there is an exception to the rule which is typical of the English language, and what is the exception? The exception is the verb ‘to be’, the verb ‘to be’ is always an exception in English. Let’s see how that works, look at the example: ‘he isn’t often late’, ‘we are sometimes in a hurry’. You see the position? The position of the frequency adverb is after the verb ‘to be’, not before, and that’s the rule, so ‘he isn’t often late’, ‘we’re sometimes in a hurry’, ‘they’re never at home’ and ‘I’m always tired’. So those are the frequency adverbs, it’s very important, and we use them to describe our habitual actions. Now in the next episode of ‘That’s life!’ listen for this word: Enough, enough, it’s a very strange word, because we’re going to talk about that in the next lesson here in the studio. So go and see ‘That’s life!’… bye!
-May I ask you a question, Alice?
-Sure, ask any question you like. I’m an open book.
-Do you have a boyfriend?
-Well, I go out with some boys, but that’s nothing serious… According to my birth chart I need some Taureans, but that’s not easy now that Saturn is in Leo…
-I see…Anyway I think you have a strange relationship with boys…
-Oh no! I like boys very much! They are great at carrying packages!
-You are exceptional…
-Thanks, Jack. But now, stop talking about me. Let’s talk about you. What do you think of me? No, really… I’m curious what do you do at work?
-Oh, nothing special. Uh… You know ‘Speedmaster’, the sporting goods factory?
-Yes, sure! The produce wonderful running shoes! What department do you work in?
-I’m a sales manager.Last month they gave me a promotion and now I’m responsible for Southern Europe. That’s why I moved here.
-Wow! That’s really interesting… You must be very good at work. And what exactly do you do?
-Oh… Basically, I look for new clients and keep them informed about new product lines and take care of their requests.
-What kind of requests do they have? Oh, they often ask questions about new models and prices.
-What do you do if they want a discount?
-Well, basically I don’t get mad! I listen to them, and then I tell them ‘No’… Well, seriously speaking, it depends… Each client is different… if they are important I try to make an agreement with them. Hi Anne, hi Sharon. Where’s Peter?
-Oh, Peter is preparing his audition.
-Well, tell Peter I wish him good luck!
-Do you really care?..
Hello and welcome back to ‘English 2day’ for some more live English. Now Jack… Does he really care for Sharon? I think he does, let’s ask mr. Monkey, Mr. Monkey does Jack really care for Sharon? Mr Monkey? Yes, yes, he agrees, he agrees, he cares… Now, in that episode there were a lot of questions, and i want to practise that with you now, and to do that we are going to have quiz. I am going to change profession, I’m no longer an English teacher, I have a different job. I will ask ten questions, I will give the answers and you must guess my new job. Now if you guess it correctly I will play a flight for you to go to London for a romantic weekend, how about that? Flight to London.
So, ten questions, listen carefully, number one:
-Do I work in an office? No, I don’t.
-Do I work outside? Well… yes I do sometimes work outside.
-Do I have special qualifications? Oh yes, I have special qualifications for my job.
Okay next one:
-Do I work at weekends? Yes I d o actually, most weekends I work.
So I don’t work in an office, I work outside sometimes, I have special qualifications and I work at weekends, ok? Next one.
-Do you travel a lot? Oh yes, I travel everywhere, I travel to America, to the Far East, around Europe a lot.
-Do you earn a lot of money? Oh yes, I earn a lot of money… ah, ah!
-Do you use your hands when you work? Yes I do, I use my hands and I also use my feet, very important.
-Do you work with other people? Yes, that’s very important, I work with other people.
Alright, next one:
-Do you use music in your job? Music? Yes, now music is very important for me, music.
And the last question:
-Do you wear special clothes? Well yes, for my job I have special clothes, I have special shoes, particular shoes. And I do my hair in a special way.
So, I use my hands, and my feet, I work with other people, I use music, I earn a lot of money, I wear special clothes and I travel a lot… So what’s my job? No… no… no… It’s difficult… Shell I tell you? I’m a prima ballerina. I won, you lost, no London, no flight to London… Next time…There’ll be another quiz, alright? Good, let’s look at the grammar that we just used fo asking questions, okay?
Now, we have the question form with: the question word like ‘when’, the auxiliary ‘do’, ‘I’ the subject and then ‘arrive’ which is the verb. So ‘When do I arrive?’ Ok, that’s a typical question in the simple present. Look at the next one: ‘What do you do at work?’ What do you do?
Next one now, this is important and we need Mr. Snake! Because it’s ‘Who does he work with?’ Remember? ‘Does’ third person, the ‘S’, do becomes does, so ‘Who does he work with?’
Next one: ‘Why does she study?’ Third person, ‘How much does it cost?’ Again third person, it.
‘When do we leave?’, ‘Where do we live?’, and ‘How do they speak English?’ O, so remember, third person ‘does’ is the auxiliary plus the infinitive, alright? So, those are the English question forms, now in the next episode listen up for the negative form and we’ll study that together, ok? So have fun studying and I’ll see you again very soon… Bye!
-Oh girls, we’re talking about jobs. Tell me about your job, Sharon. What do you do at the moment?
-Ah, that’s an interesting question!
-Really? Why do you say that?
-Well, you know, I have a degree in archeology, but now I’m doing something quite different.
-Do you have a part time job?
-No, unfortunately it’s a full time job. I work for a travel agency.
-Oh… What do you do?
-I give tours around the city. I bring tourists to monuments and museums and other interesting places.
-Oh, that’s nice! Could I have you as a tour guide for one day?
-I’m sorry, I only work with groups. Usually with Japanese people.
-Oh, well, I’m a black belt in karate…
-Very funny… but it’s not enough…
-It’s too bad… Anne, stop cleaning for a moment! Sit down and tell me about your job!
-Okay, okay, okay, okay. I work in a publishing company.
-Oh you work with famous writers!
-Not exactly, I don’t work with writers, I just read their proofs and correct them before printing.
-Ah, by the way, do you know Paul Taylor? He works with you, right?
-Yes, yes, but we don’t work in the same department. He works in the advertising department. But we are good friends. Every weekend we play tennis together.
-Oh, play tennis? I’m jealous.
-Do you play tennis, too? Do you want to play with us?
-Well, just joking. I don’t play tennis that well. Only karate.
Jack: ‘I don’t play tennis very well, I only do karate.’ He doesn’t play tennis very well? It’s easy! Men… now… anyway it was a good example of the negative of the present simple tense. ‘I don’t play tennis very well’. Now I’m going to tell you my typical day again, but in the negative, and listen to the grammatical form, ok?
I don’t wake up at six forty-five. I don’t get up after, I don’t listen to the radio. Now ‘don’t’ is ‘do not’, ‘do not’ abbreviated, okay? I don’t take a shower, I don’t have breakfast with Zukie, and I don’t have dog biscuits. Now think of my boyfriend, let’s go into the third person:
-My boyfriend doesn’t go to work at eight o’clock at night. He doesn’t play the saxophone, he plays the double bass. Now ‘doesn’t’ is ‘does not’ contracted… ‘doesn’t’ ok? Plus the infinitive, so ‘he doesn’t play’ let’s say ‘at one o’clock in the morning’. He doesn’t come home at seven o’clock in the evening, so you see? These are examples of the negative form and now we need to go and look at the screen because we need to see how that works in comparison to the positive form, alright? Great! Now look at the examples:
-I don’t teach on Sundays.
‘Do not’ becomes ‘don’t’. I don’t teach on Sundays.
-You don’t know my parents.
-Jack doesn’t (does not), Jack doesn’t play tennis well.
-Alice doesn’t have a boyfriend.
-The house doesn’t belong to Anne. (Third person, doesn’t.)
-We don’t work part time.
-You don’t know Anne’s aunt.
-Alice and Sharon don’t live together.
Alright? So now we have studied the positive form, the question form and the negative form of the present tense. So, awhole world opens up for you! Okay?
Well, you just keep studying and we’ll meet again here foe another live show very soon, alright? Take care! Bye!
-Good evening, from Eric Brown. Welcome to another edition of ‘let’s talk’. With me here in the studio are Marie and Tom. Hello MArie! Hello Tom!
-Well, today let’s talk… let’s talk about… about what, Marie?
-Low cost airlines.
-You’re right Eric! You know, there are 90 low cost airlines in Europe today…
-Really? So many?
-Yes, that’s right, 90. Lots of people fly with low cost airlines.
-Of course! It’s very cheap to fly with these airlines.
-It’s not always cheap, marie, it’s cheap to fly midweek, on Tuesday, Wednesday or Thurthday, but it’s not cheap to fly at the weekends, on Saturday or Sunday.
-Mmm… but are the planes safe?
-Yes, the planes are usually new, so they are safe.
-That’s good. It’s important to fly in safe planes. And what about the tickets? Is it easy to find them?
-Yes, ot’s very easy. I usually buy my tickets online with my credit card. Well.. I travel a lot.
-Really? You’re a real expert on low cost airlines Marie, aren’t you?
-Yes, I am… my boyfriend lives in Berlin.
-How often do you visit him?
-I go to see him twice a month.
-I see, I see… and are the flights on time?
-Yes, they’re usually on time. I leave work at five-thirty in the afternoon and arrive at the airport at six. Perfect for the check-in.
-That’s very convenient, you’re lucky Marie! Usually low cost flights leave from airports a long way from the city. What time is your flight?
-At 7 o’clock. Youre really lucky Marie!
-Usually low cost flights leave late at night or early in the morning when it’s not convenient.
-Yes, that’s true, and yes, I am very lucky.
-Is there any food on the plane?
-Ys, passengers buy drinks and snacks.
-Remember, the drinks and snacks aren’t free. You have to pay even for glass of water.
-That’s true. But it doesn’t matter! I arrive in Berlin at eight-thirty. Just in time for a pizza with my boyfriend at ‘Bella Napoli’, a very good pizzeria. The best one in Berlin.
-Ah! That’s great, but for us… it’s time to say goodbye! Ok… low cost airlines. Today there are many low cost airlines throughout Europe. They are very easy to use and they are cheap. And theirs planes are safe and they are usually on time. Very interesting! Very, very interesting! Thank you Marie.
-And thank you Tom.
-And goodbye. And see you again soon on another edition of ‘Let’s talk!’
-Well, low cost airlines really make travelling easy! For many people flying is very simple, like taking a bus! Now let’s take a look at some very useful vocabulary ans expressions you just heard.
The check-in is the place where you show your passport and leave your luggage, in English it is also a verb, we say ‘I check-in at 7’ or ‘Where is the check-in for Berlin?’
When we talk about cheap prices, we mean it doesn’t ccost very much and expensive means it costs a lot. My ticket to Berlin is 600 euros, it’s expensive! Your ticket is 100 euros, it’s cheap. Her ticket is 30 euros, that’s very cheap! To say what airline we use we say ‘fly with’, followed by the name of the airline ‘I fly with Air liverpool’, or the type of airline ‘I fly with low cost airlines’. And what about when you want to ask if the plane is late? We can say: ‘Are the flights on time?’ If the flight is at 7 and it goes at 7, it is ON TIME. But if the flight is at 7 and it goes at 10, IT’S LATE. Marie said ‘I buy my tickets online’. This means she uses the internet to buy heer ticket. What other things can you do online? Here are some examples:
-I reserve hotel rooms online. I don’t call the hotel on the phone to reserve a room. I use the Internet. I check my bank account online. I use the Internet to see how much money I have in my account. I pay my bills online. i use the Internet to pay the electricity bill, the water bill, the gas bill. Wow! We can really do a lot of things online! okay, just two more things before we say goodbye: the first is frequency, when we say how often we do something. I asked Marie: ‘How often do you visit him?’ And she said: ‘Twice a month.’ ‘Twice a month’ means ‘two times in a month’. ‘Once a month’ means ‘one time in a month’. But when we do something more than two times we say: ‘Three times a month’, ‘Four times a month’, etc. Even if we change the period of time the structure of frequency remaims the same. For example: we can say ‘Once a day’, ‘Twice a week’, but rmember, we say: ‘Three times a year’, ‘Four times a week’.
One last thing, notice the preposition after ‘arrive’. When we arrive in a place like a station, airport, shop we say: ‘I arrive at the airport at 6’. But when we arrive in a city or country we say: ‘I arrive in Berlin at 8:30’. So, we say ‘I arrive at the station’, ‘I arrive at the airport’, but ‘I arrive in london’ or ‘I arrive in Madrid’.
That’s about it for now, take care and see you soon!
Good afternoon to evertone. Welcome to ‘Sports Special’ the programme dedicated to all sports and all sports fans. I’m Eric Brown. In this studio with me is John Forbes, our sports expert.
-Well John, what are you talking about this afternoon?
-Great! My favourite sport!
-It’s not only your favourite sport, Eric! Millions of people love football!
-Of course! It’s a fantastic game, the best in the world!
-Well, maybe, but remember, Eric… football isn’t only about fame, success and money.
-Oh, a lot of money! Professionals footballers earn millions of euros.
-That’s true! But football is also about hard work, fitness training, stretching and jogging almost every day!
-Really? How often do professional players train?
-They go jogging every day at 8 in the morning and then they work out in the gym.
-Ahh… So much exercise!
-And that’s not all!
-Really? What do you mean?
-Well, they also practise football 3-4 times a week with the team!
-And… where do they train?
-They usually do fitness training at the football ground. First they do stretching, then they practise shooting.
-Is the coach with them during the training?
-Yes, of course! The coach is very important for the team. He shows the players good techniques for passing, dribbling and heading and he decides who plays in the matches.
-How many matches are there in a football championship?
-30, more or less.You know, football championships take place in the winter, usually from September until June.
-And when do they play matches?
-At weekends, but the big clubs also play during the week for the European Cups.
-Championships, European Cups, training… footballers are very busy!
-Yes they are! The only time they rest is only summer.
-Well… holidays only in the summer, but what about fun? For example, can the players have a beer after a match?
-Of course Eric… Especially if they win! A beer is a perfect way to celebrate a victory!
-Well, a footballer’s training routine is very hard, but it is very rewarding too! okay, thanks to our expert John Forbes! An goodbye to all football fans and sports lovers! See you again soon for a new edition of ‘Sports Special!’
First of all football and soccer are the same thing. ‘Football’ is the British word and ‘soccer’ is the American form but they are exactly the same thing. So, let’s take a look at some of the vocabulary we used to talk about football. Do you like football? If you do then you are a football fan! Like me! Do you support a team? I support ‘Inter’. We say that we ‘support a team’ when we are a fan of that team. So what is a team? It’s the group of players that play together, for example ‘Manchester United’ is a ‘football team’. A person who plays football as a job is called a ‘professional footballer’ or a ‘professional football player’. Footballer and football player are the same thing. A football player is a footballer. And every team has ‘a coach’. A coach is the person who prepares the team, he teaches techniques and how to play well. So, eleven football players make a team and when two teams play against each other they play ‘a match’. But as John told us, footballers don’t only play matches, they do a lot of training. ‘Training’ is all the exercises they do to prepare for matches. We can say ‘footballers do training’ or ‘footballers train’. ‘training’ is the noun and ‘train’ is the verb. And what do they do when they train? John said a few: ‘They work out in the gym, they do stretching, they go jogging and they practise football skills’. John also mentioned some of the skills or techniques that footballers practise. passing; which means to pass or kick the ball to another player. Dribbling: which means to move the ball forward, with the ball. Shooting: which means to shoot or kick the ball into the goal. And heading: which means to hit the ball with your head.
It’s a lot of hard work, I think they definitely deserve a beer when they win. Well that’all from me for now, take it easy, see you next time!