English today DVD8 Easy English for you.
Hello and welcome back to ‘English today’. This is DVD eight and the fourth DVD of your elementary level. And in this DVD you will see another two episodes of ‘That’s life!’ our story, followed by our special TV programmes.This time a sports expert will be talking all about rugby, followed by air travel without stress, featuring our travel expert. Then, in the grammar section, we will study the future forms ‘will’ and ‘going to’ and also look at special ‘question forms’ and ‘questions tags’. Ok? So happy studying to you all!
-How does this scarf suit me, Anne?
-Oh… Very well. You look fine!
-Really? I’m not sure… Look… Maybe this one looks better?
-Don’t panic, Peter! Everything is going to be alright tonight!
-I don’t know… Actually i’ve a sore throat… And I’m losing my voice… I’ll sing badly tonight, I’m sure!
-Come on, Peter! You will sing very well! You are a professional singer! Don’t forget it! Well, I’m going to have some tea. Would you like some?
-Thank you, Anne! I would really like a cup of tea. If it’s not too much trouble…
-No, not at all, I’ll just add some water to the pot. A cup of tea and my chocolate cake will keep your mind off the musical… for five minutes at least!
-Shall I give you a hand?
-Uh… Yes, thanks… Here is the cake.
-Oh Peter! Okay, listen… I know you are nervous, but try to be careful, please!
-I’m sorry, Anne… Listen, how do you think the musical will go?
-I think it will go very well! ‘Grease’ is considered a classica musical. It’s successful, entertaining… There will be loads of people clapping.
-Do you really think so?
-Sure I do! Hey, Peter, what time does the show start?
-At nine o’clock. How are we going to get to the theatre?
-I’m going to drive.
-I don’t think that’s a very good idea.
-Because parking there is almost impossible.
-Okay, we’ll take the Tube.
-That’s a much better idea.
-When shall we leave?
-Around eight thirty?
-No, that’s too late!
-Okay! We’ll leave earlier!
-Oh… i’m so sorry, Anne!
-Peter, you’re hopeless! Okay, okay, listen… I think you need to relax a bit. Why don’t you go and tkae a nap?
-I can’t sleep… I’m too nervous!
-Okay, why don’t you rehearse your part again?
-I can’t… I can’t remember anything!
-Okay, okay. Go whereever you want… Just, please, leave me alone! Please…
Hi! And welcome back to ‘English 2day!’ The only live TV programme where you can learn the English language. Did you see that Peter dropped chocolate cake and tea all over the table? And Anne didn’t really react? She’s becoming more tolerant, isn’t she? Great! Now… I have an interesting thing to teach you in this lesson and it’s about ‘will’.
Now, people usually think that ‘will’, the future ‘will’, is very easy in English, but it isn’t that easy, and in this lesson I want to look at a particular use of ‘will’. Now, watch this, listen. Imagine that I’m in Oxford Street, in London, shopping. I stop outside a shop and I see a beautiful dress , and i think: I like that.. I want that, and I say: I’ll buy it!
Now, ‘I’ll’ is the abbreviation of ‘i will’, ‘I’ll buy it!’. We use this form when we make a spontaneous decision. it’s nothing planned, it happens spontaneously. it’s called in English ‘a snap, a snap decision’, alright?
Let’s continue, so I see the dress and I think: ‘I’ll buy it! Great!’ Then I look at the price… One thousand five hundred euro? Crikey! And I think: I won’t buy it! Negative of will, ‘I won’t buy it’.
But then I think: ‘No, wait a minute, I haven’t bought myself anything lovely for a long time! Maybe my boyfriend can help me…’ So I decide: ‘I’ll buy it!’ i go into the shop, I talk to the shop assustant and I say: ‘That dress, I like that dress, can I try it?’ She says: ‘Yes, yes, sure!’ So I put it on, look at myself in the mirror and think: ‘Fantastic, I’ll take it!’ So I go to the shop assistant and I say: «I’ll take it!’ She says: ‘Fine, Madam, how would you like to pay?’ How would I like to pay? Cash? Must be drinking! Cash, one thousand five hundred euros? Cash? No! Credit card! Yes, exactly, I’ll pay by credit card, ok? I’ll pay by credit card, so, in my bag, here’s my bag! Oh noo!! I left my credit card at home! What shall I do? Good! I’ll come back tomorrow. And she says: ‘That’s fine Madam, that’s fine, don’t worry’, she says: ‘I’ll put it aside for you, Madam, I’ll put it aside’. And I say: ‘Great! Thank you so much. Don’t worry, I’ll definitely come back tomorrow’.
Okay, now all those were examples of ‘snap decisions’, spontaneous decisions and that happens many times in a day. So, let’s look at the form togrther: we have ‘I wwill’ contracted to become ‘I’ll’. Look at the examples:
I’ll try it; I’ll take it; I’ll pay by credit card; I’ll put it aside for you; I’ll make a bowl of pasta; I’ll come back later.
So, snap, spontaneous decisions ‘I’ll’, alright?
Now, the negative form… we’ve mentioned it before, you heard me with the money, is won’t. Be careful with the pronunciation, it’s not ‘want’, it’s ‘won’t’, so the example is: ‘I won’t buy it! ‘ or ‘I won’t pay by cash’. Alright? So, ‘will’, ‘won’t’. You can also ask a question in this situation of a snap decision and you can say ‘shall I?’. Now that’s a big change because ‘will’ in the question form becomes ‘shall’. So we say: ‘Shall I make? Shall I make a bowl of pasta?’ Or ‘Shall I help you?’ Alright. That’s the question form. So, I’ll do it, I won’t do it, shall I do it? So, those are snap decisions, very useful, very important, an not many people remember that use of ‘will’. Great! Let’s go back and see how Peter’s feeling and then I’ll see you later, I’ll… see you later! Bye!
-Hi, Anne! Hi, Peter! I’m starving! Is there anything to eat?
-How can you think about food at a time like this?
-Why? What’s the matter?
-What’s the matter?! The performance is tonight!
-Come on, peter! Don’t panic! Everything is going to be all right tonight… Don’t worry!
-Why does everyone tell me the same stupid things?!
-Because it’s the truth! Look, Peter, take this lucky charm! I bought it in Portobello market this morning. I’ll give it to you as a lucky mascot! Remember, you have to kiss it three times… and then keep it in the right pocket of your jacket.
-Why just in the right pocket?
-Well, I don’t know… The woman who gave it to me said that this is what you have to do. Anyway, I’m sure it’ll bring you luck!
-Hmm! I’m not so sure…
-Why not? Shall we bet on it?
-Alright! Sounds like fun! How much?
-Oh, let’s make it interesting. If it brings you luck, you’ll take me for dinner at Bluebird.
-Bluebird? Are you crazy? That’s London’s most expensive restaurant!
-I know, I know… but the musical is important to you, Peter, isn’t it?
-All right Alice! What will you do if it doesn’t bring me luck?
-Well, I will cook dinner for a month!
-But you can’t cook!
-Ah-ah, Peter! That’s why I said it! This way I am sure you will make it bring you luck!
Hello again and welcome back! The most expensive restaurant in london…Hm..Good for Alice! Now, in this lesson I want to look at the future again, but at a new form of the future, and it’s the form ‘going to’. And in the episode we heard Anne say: ‘Everything is going to be alright’. So I want to look at that form with you now. And… to illustrate it I want to tell you about something wonderful that happened to me. I won, I’ve just won in fact, twenty thousand euro, and i have to decide what to do with this money. And I have a few intentions, so, let me tell you about them.
Firstly, I’m going to relax for a few days in a spa… hopefully with my boyfriend, relax in a spa… hot water, you know? Wonderful! Then I’m going to visit some old friends in Canada, that I haven’t seen for a long time. So, that’s good. Then what? Yes, then a dream: I’m going to travel around Turkey, and I’m going to go in a hot air balloon over Cappadocia. Fabulous. Then what? I’m going to organise a surprise holiday for my parents in Egypt. Another thing let’s see… another intention that I have… Oh yes, I’m going to buy another double bass for my boyfriend because, you know… it’s an expensive instrument and he heeds it for his work, so… I’m going to buy that.
Then what? Oh, yes. I’m going to buy another Jack Russel Terrier to keep Zukie companion. And the last thing well… I think… I’m going to put the rest in the bank. Alright?
Now, I was explaining to you my intentions for the future and when you do that in English you use a particular form, in the futire, and it’s ‘going to’. Let’s look at that on the screen:
So, the verb ‘to be’ plus ‘going to’ and then the infinitive, so the examples, that I was using, is this form: ‘I’m going to have some tea’, for example, you see? The verb ‘to be’, ‘going to’ and the infinitive.
‘He’s going to sing well’, so ‘he’, third person, change the auxiliry. ‘Everything’s going to be allright’ as Anne said.
‘They’re going to take the Tube’, you know the underground in London, ‘they’re going to take the Tube’.
‘He’s going to sing well’, so ‘he’, third person, change the auxiliary ‘he’s going to sing well’, ‘everything’s going to be alright’, as Anne said.
‘They’re going to take the Tube’, you know the underground in london, ‘they’re going to take the Tube’.
Now very often, when you hear this form you hear a pronunciation like ‘gonna’.
So, ‘they’re gonna take the Tube’. And that’s when we completely contract ‘they’re going to…’ and it becomes ‘gonna’.
And often you see that in subtitles, in English, on films, ‘gonna’. Okay?
Now, the negative form… is easy, it’s negative of the auxiliary ‘to be’ so… ‘I’m not going to leave tomorrow’, ‘he isn’t going to return soon’, and ‘we aren’t going to come with you’, alright? Sometimes you hear ‘I’m not gonna…’, ‘he’s not gonna…’, that’s when we speak quickly, alright? And then th question form… again, easy, you invert the subject and the auxiliary: ‘How are we gonna get there?’, ‘How are we going to get there?’, ‘Where is it gonna happen?’ and ‘When are they gonna leave?’ or ‘Are they going to leave?’ Alright? So, that’s another form of the future. And you can see slowly that the English future is quite interesting and quite complex. So, when you want to talk about your intentions you use ‘going to’ and I’m going to see you in the next lesson! Alright? Bye for now.
-The musical was great, wasn’t it?
-Yes, it was!
-Peter was excellent! Well, now let’s think about the party! it’s time for fun! uh, by the way, who is coming to the party tomorrow?
-Well… David will be here. Mary, Paul and Tom will be here as well… Everyone will be here!
-I wonder if jack will be here…
-He’s leaving on a business trip tomorrow morning. He doesn’t know exactly when he’ll be back…
-Hey, girls! What are you talking about?
-Anne was telling me that you won’t be coming to the party this evening. It isn’t true, is it?
-Yes, it is. I’m afraid I can’t.
-Business before pleasure… You never will change, will you?
-Excuse me… Hello? Oh, hi…
-I really don’t have a choice.
-Listen Jack… I was wondering if you really have to go away on business trip or if you are not comint to Peter’s party for some other reasons?
-No, Sharon. I… I do have a business engagement. Anyway, since you asked… I’ll tell you… There’s more… I’m jealous of Peter!
-Oh, come on, jack… You only care about business…
-Sure, that’s what they all say… But, you know… I…I’m interested in you… And … Sharon… Are you… are you really interested in me?
-Anne, who were you talking toon the telephone?
-Mary, she wanted to know what time the party is going to start.
-I think it will start at about nine o’clock, won’t it?
-Well, girls… I have to go finish my presentation. See you later. Bye!
-Back to work… You’ll never quit, will you? What a shame that Jack isn’t coming… He’s a very interesting person…
-I wonder if you are falling in love with him! Come on, you can tell me!
-Okay, but don’t tell anyone!…Yes… He’s quite handsome… Do you think he likes me, Sharon?
-What a question! It’s none of my business!
-Don’t be so difficult, Sharon! I was just asking confidentially your opinion… You are my friend, Sharon…
-I’m sorry, Anne… I didn’t mean to hurt your feelings, I’m just a bit nervous these days…
-Because of Peter? We’re having some problems… I’m sorry, Anne, but I don’t want to talk about that… I’ve got to go… See you later, bye bye!
-Oh, Jack! You’re always so messy… You leave your things everywhere… But…What’s this, in the pocket? What? It’s Jack and Sharon!?! And he’s kissing her?? Oh my God! Now I understand everything…
Hello again and welcome back to your live English lessons! And in this lesson we’re going to learn something about questions. Remember how we said that English questions are difficult because of all these auxiliaries? Well, in this lesson we’re going to learn something which is especially typical of the English language they are called ‘question tags’. Now let me give you a example of a question tag: ‘She’s unhappy, isn’t she?’ Let’s look at that, so: ‘she’s unhappy, isn’t she?’ Strange? ‘She’s unhappy, isn’t she?’ Now, it’s not really a question asking you for information, it’s more a question asking for confirmation, where do you agree, and usually the people agree, so ‘She’s unhappy, isn’t she?’ Yes she is.
Look at the construction, ‘she’s unhappy’ is in the positive form, and then we have the tag, it’s called ‘the question tag’, after, in the verb ‘to be’ but in the negative question form, ‘she’s unhappy, isn’t she?’ This is very common in English and not common in other languages, because othr languages usually use ‘no?’, for example: ‘She’s unhappy…no…» We repeat the verb. And because it’s complicated now let’s go to the screen and see some more examples of that. Ok?
So, ‘she’s upset’ is like ‘she’s unhappy’, ‘she’s upset, isn’t she?’
‘You’re a student…’ the verb ‘to be’, ‘you’re a student’, you take the verb ‘to be’ ‘are’ and you turn it into a negative question. So we say: ‘You’re a student, aren’t you?’ Alright?
Next one: ‘He is Brazilian, isn’t he?» Do you see the mechanism now?
‘It’s raining, isn’t it?’ Again, I’m not asking for information, I’m asking for confirmation.
‘They’re watching television…they are watching, aren’t they?’ ‘They’re watching television, aren’t they?’ And you notice that my voice actually goes down at the end, so it’s not like a real question where your voice goes up.
‘We’re learning, aren’t we?’
‘You live in Italy now’, look at this example here.
‘You live’ is the present tense, so we need the auxiliary of the present tense of ‘live’, which is not the verb ‘to be’, so look how that works: ‘You live in Italy, don’t you?’ Negative ‘don’t’, auxiliary is ‘do’ and the negative ‘don’t you’, interesting!
‘You live in Italy, don’t you?’ If we change that into the third person it becomes: ‘She likes English’, what’s the auxiliary? Exactly, ‘does’ in the negative… ‘Doesn’t she?’ So, ‘She likes English, doesn’t she?’
And the last example: ‘They work at home, don’t they?’, ‘They work at home, don’t they?’ Alright, so it’s not easy, you have to keep in mind the auxiliaries all the time.
What happens if we begin with a negative sentence? For example: ‘You aren’t American’, well, then we use a positive tag. So, «You aren’t American, are you?’ Ok, ‘aren’t — are’.
‘She isn’t a teacher, is she?’ Negative — positive. ‘He isn’t watching TV, is he?’
‘They aren’t playing today, are they?’
Let’s change to the present tense: ‘You don’t play tennis, do you?’ We use the auxiliary ‘do’…’do you?’
Question form: ‘It doesn’t work, does it?’
Third person: ‘She doesn’t like him, does she?’
And ‘They don’t come often, do they?’
Now you’re probably thinking: ‘God!’ That’s really difficult, and it’s not easy, it take a lot of practice. But when you know your auxiliaries well it becomes easier and easier. So, don’t worry, slowly but surely as we say. Now let’s turn to ‘That’s life!’ and our friends are having a party, let’s go and join them, bye!
-It’s a shame Jack isn’t here, isn’t it?
-Yes, it’s just not the same without him, is it?
-Well, business is business, you know.
-Well, Anne, I wonder what wonderful food you cooked for us this evening…
-Anne, hello, are you there?
-Oh, sorry, Peter, I was miles away. What did you say?
-What did you cook for us?
-Oh, your favourite! Fish and chips!
-Oh, What would I do without you?
Hey! What about me? I brought the beer!
-Yes, we’re glad you did! Cheers!
-Cheers! Cheers to Peter’s success!
-Well guys, this is the right time for an important announcement…Last night there was a famous director at the theatre… We met after the show and he told me he is preparing a musical to be performed all over Japan. So, he wants to see me for an audition next week!
-Oh, cheers! Cheers, you’ll be famous soon, Peter!
-Well, well, not so dedicated to your work, are you?!
-Peter, get me a beer!
-Now you’re talking…
-Hi Anne! Is everything ok?
-Yes… No, Jack! Everything is fine! It was just really a surprise to me!
Hello and welcome back again for some more English.
Now, at that party everybody seemed happy except Anne. An nobody really noticed what was happening between Sharon and Jack, well, anyway let’s get back to English questions. Last time we studied question tags, but this time I want to look at another question form in English which is very important. Now when you don’t know the subject you need to ask a question in order to get the subject. Now let me explain that.
Usually in a normal question in English like: ‘Where do you work?’ the subject form is in the question ‘Where do you work?’ and the answer would be: ‘I work in London.’ But if I want to ask you about the subject I have to change the question and it becomes ‘Who works in London?’ Now that question is asking for the subject and the answer ccould be: ‘My brother’, the subject, ‘works in London’. Now, the good thing is… we eliminate the auxiliaries, ‘do’ and ‘does’. Yahoo! I can hear you say it. Let’s do some examples before we go to the screen, ok? Now, I’ll ask you some questions, for example: ‘Who likes English?’ Notice that there’s the ‘S’ on the verb, because ‘who’ is considered a third person. ‘Who likes English?’ O do, you do, for example, alright? ‘Who lives in igloos?’ Now give me the subject. ‘Who lives in igloos?’ Exactly, Eskimos live in igloos, alright? You give me the subject. Now, answer this one: ‘Who cultivates rice?’ ‘Who cultivates rice?’ Yeah? The Chinese? The Italins? Southeast Asian countries, ok, good. Next one: ‘Who sings musicals in ‘That’s life!’?’ Exactly, Jack sings musicals, great. ‘Who wants to be an artist?’ I’m asking you for the subject. ‘Who wants to be an artist?’ Yeah, Alice does, Alice wants to be an artist. And ‘Who likes Jack?’ Well, Sharon does… Anne does… an so does Alice, he’s a lucky man! Alright. Now, let’s go to the screen and see those written, because is unusual for you now to learn a question with no auxiliary. So, what happens is: you have the word ‘who’, which is the question word, and you eliminate the auxiliary. If you look at the first wxample, which is the typical question: ‘Who do you live with?’ you’re asking for the object, and the answer could be; ‘Your family’ for example. ‘Who do you live with?’, the subject is ‘you’, you ask for the object. But ‘Who lives with you?’ you are asking for the subject, and the answer could be: ‘My family.’ Okay? Let’s look at more examples, no auxiliary, so ‘Who works in an office?’ , ‘He does.’ ‘Who likes English?’, ‘We do’,. ‘Who lives in igloos?’ , ‘Eskimos live in igloos’, ‘Who cultivates rice?’ , ‘The Italians, the Chinese’. ‘Who understands Russian?’ ,’ I don’t… do you?’ . ‘Who sings musicals?’ , ‘Peter does.’ ‘Who wants to be an artist?’, ‘Alice’, and ‘Who likes Jack?’, ‘We all do’. Okay! So, very interesting this, and we will look at it again in the future, but remember this is one occasion, the only occasion, where you don’t need auxiliaries in the question form when you’re asking for the subject. So, who understands this? We do, so, I’ll see you again soon, take care, bye!
Good afternoon! Welcome to this week’s edition of ‘Sports Special!’ And welcome to John Forbes, our sports expert.
— Hello Eric and good afternoon to all our sports fans!
-Well John! Which sport are you going to talk about today?
-Today I’d like to talk about rugby.
-Fantastic! I’m a real rugby fan! I think it’s a really exciting sport! John, a question, where did rugby start?
-Well, you know Rugby is a town in England, near Birmingham.
-There’s a famous school there called ‘Rugby School’, it’s one of the oldest schools in England. It opened in 1567.Anyway, boys at this school started the game.
-Really?… And where is rugby played today?
-It’s played all round the world but there are eight main countries, these are Ireland, Wales, England, Scotland, France, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. And it’s becoming more popular today in Italy and Argentina.
-Who plays rugby?
-Mainly men, but there are more and more women’s teams.
-Really women? That’s a surprise! That’s right. There are more than 400 women’s teams in England today!
-I see. John, can you explain to our viewers how to play rugby?
-Of course! Remember, rugby is very different from soccer, the ball is oval like an egg. There are 15 players in a team
and the players can carry the ball. In fact the aim is to run fast with the ball in your hands.
-And what about a ‘tackle’? What’s that?
-To stop a player from the opponent’s team running with the ball you ‘tackle’ him… You catch his legs and pull him to the ground.
-That sounds dangerous!
-Yes, it can be. There are lots of injuries in rugby. It’s a very physical game.
-And how do you score?
-Well, you run with the ball and put it down on the ground at the opponent’s end of the pitch. Of course your opponents do everything they can to stop you from reaching their end of the pitch. You score a try if you cross the try line and put the ball down on the ground. You can also score points by kicking the ball between the two goalposts. The goalposts are very high, if you do this you score a goal.
-So, there are tries and there are goals?
-Just one more question, what are ‘scrums’?
-Scrums are special to rugby, players from the two sides push against each other to try to get the ball.
-Scrums sound dangerous too!
-Yes, they can be dangerous, but it’s fun… You know I used to paly rugby…
-Yes, but I injured my shoulder and had to stop. I just watch now. Well, I sometimes watch a game on Saturday afternoons,
How about coming along?
-How about next weekend?
-Great! Ok, thank you John! Goodbye! And goodbye to all our sports fans! See you next week for another edition of ‘Sports Special’!
So, like in football the group of players that play rugby together is called ‘a team’. in rugby it’s called a ‘rugby team’ and there are 15 players in a team.
The players are called ‘rugby players’. Where do they play? On a rugby pitch. We also say a football pitch which is where football players play football. Fnd a cricket pitch where cricket players play cricket. When we go to watch a rugby match we go to a rugby ground. Well as John said, rugby can be dangerous. In fact there are lots of injuries in rugby. An injury is when you hurt or damage a part of the body. If a player has a serious injury then he cannot play.
‘To injure’ is a regular verb. For example if you break your arm yu say ‘I injured my arm’.
Why is rugby so dangerous? Well it’s a very physical sport. This means you use your body a lot and there is a lot of contact with the other players. When a player ‘tackles’, he stops a player from the other team by pulling him to the ground. This is called a tackle.
‘To tackle’ is the verb. The aim of a tackle is to get the ball. You can tackle in football too, but you can only use your feet to get the ball, in rugby you use your whole body. What about ‘a scrum’? This is a term specific to rugby. A scrum is when all the players push against each other to get the ball. As John explained, in rugby there are two different ways of scoring. ‘To score’ means to win a point for your team. You score a try when the ball touches the ground. You score a goal when you kick the ball between the two goalposts.
Well sports fans, that’s all we have time for today, see you next time!
Good afternoon and welcome to this week’s edition of ‘The travel Programme’. And of course welcome to Christine Oteng, our travel expert!
-Well, Christine do you know that one of the main causes of stress in the west is air travel? According to research from the University of Illinois in the USA.
-You know that doesn’t surprise me! Air travel can be very stressful experience. it seems that a lot of people start to feel nervous in the travel agency when they’re buying the ticket or when they’re buying the ticket online at home.
-Really? Well why don’t we give our viewers some advice on how to reduce that stress and enjoy air travel more?
-Sure! Just follow a few simple rules and you’ll fly without any stress at all.
The first rule: don’t arrive at the airport late!
-Ooops! I always arrive late.
-That’s not a good idea! For a start if you arrive at the airport early you have plenty of time to check-in, you can go straight through passport control and the security check, then you have plenty of time to relax! You can do some shopping, have a drink, read a magazine or a book. All stress free without worrying about missing the flight.
-You’re right, Christine! It’s important to arrive at the airport with planty of time to spare! And what else can I do to make air travel less stressful?
-Well, anothe cause of stress is the amount of luggage that we take with us, we always take too much! Listen! Don’t take more than 20 kg and only take one suitcase! Check the weight before you leave home and relax at the check-in, there is no need now to worry about excess baggage charges.
-It’s always relaxing to save money.
-Definitely! And one last thing on the topic of luggage.
-Hand luggage: take one small bag and don’t put too much in it. Remember you’ll have to carry this around the airport!
-Good advice. You know many people have a fear of flying, these people become nervous when the plane takes off and lands.
-Of course I understand that people may feel nervous at these moments. They should remember that flying is the safest way to travel. So, relax and enjoy the flight.
-And you shouldn’t look out the windows too much.
-Why not? Clouds are relaxing. But if you do feel nervous you could try taking a tranquiliser. If you have a real fear of flying they can help you relax.
-Don’t take too many though!
-Of course not! And try closing your eyes as the plane takes off and lands, think of the beautiful place you’re going to or the wonderful holiday you’ve just had…
-Well, how to enjoy stress free air travel? Don’t arrive at the airport late! Don’t take too much luggage! Afyer passport control and the security check relax with a drink and something interesting to read! Or perhaps do some shopping. And, once you’re on the plane remember that flying is the safest way to travel. So, thanks Christine for this very beautiful advice and goodbye!
-Goodbye Lucy and safe travelling!
-See you soon with another edition of ‘The travel Programme!’ Goodbye!
Well I certainly didn’t know that air travel could cause so much stress! ‘Air travel’ is the general expression for everything to do with flying. So the stress can even start when people buy their tickets at the travel agency or online. The travel agency is the place where you book a holiday or buy an air ticket. ‘Online’ means you buy the ticket on the Internet and you pay by credit card. To avoid stress you should arrive at the airport with plenty of time to spare. ‘To have plenty of time to spare’ means you have lots of time to relax. Notice how we say ‘arrive at the airport’. And ‘relax’ is a verb. So you should arrive at the airport early, so you can relax before the flight. If you arrive at the airport late you could miss the flight. ‘To miss the flight’ means you can’t get on the plane and it leaves without you. Before you can get on the plane you have to go through passport control, this is where you show your passport to an official. You have to go through the security check, this is where you put your hand luggage into the x-ray machine. Hand luggage is the bag you take on the plane with you. ‘Luggage’ is the general word for suitcases and bags. A suitcase is a kind of bag where you put your clothes and shoes.
Now some people have ‘a fear of flying’. This means they are afraid of flying and they get nervous when the plane takes off and lands. When the plane takes off, it leaves the ground. And whn a plane lands, it touches the ground again. So remember flying is the safest way to travel!
See you soon, bye bye!